How to add RAM to Laptop

How to add remove and installing laptop ram memory. The steps are common for all types of laptops like hp, acer Toshiba etc. but the place for the ram may different for different laptops. Ram is on the back side of laptop and on the cover there is a image stampl on cover.

Remove one screw of the memory cover. after that you can see memory ram installed on motherboard yellow arrow indicate the ram.

As shown in the picture with red arrow Carefully spread latches on both sides of the memory slot with fingers.

The memory module will come out at 30 degrees angle. Remove as shown in read arrow direction.

To install memory follows the steps in reverse direction.

How to Upgrade your Laptop Memory :Video

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Seattle Post-Intelligencer is Latest Newspaper Casualty

The Seattle Post-Intelligencer is the latest casualty in what seems like a never-ending stream of newspaper failures. Today is its final issue.Unlike the Rocky Mountain News, it will continue as an online publication.

What's next -- the San Francisco Chronicle or the Miami Herald? Both have been struggling and it seems like newspaper closings are but a sign of the times. [More...]

I wonder if 20 years from now, trying to describe a printed newspaper to our grandchildren will be met with a blank and quizzical look --- like trying to explain to someone under 40 today how we typed with colored carbon paper before the invention of the xerox machine. How we couldn't make mistakes or else had to start all over, how there was no cut and paste (it was pre-word processor or computer.) Can anyone who wasn't there can even imagine such dinosaur days?

Maybe the end of newspapers will be met with the same reaction. Those born after the end of the daily paper may scratch their heads in bemusement and bewilderment when told the daily paper used to be delivered to every home before sunrise and people got the news twice a day: from the morning paper and TV's nightly news -- with no updates in between.

Yet, how strange it will seem to the rest of us to walk into an airport, a doctor's waiting room, a bank, a subway station or a breakfast diner and not see the newspaper either for sale or lying around discarded on a chair. Surely, not everyone who reads the paper in these places will have a Kindle on them. Not to mention that reading a paper on a cell phone can be slow and frustrating.

I imagine all these establishments will soon have monitors like the one in the elevator at my office building that flashes the headlines with a two sentence lead and photo caption throughout the day. In other words, once leaving home in the morning, without the benefit of the morning paper, millions of Americans will be stuck only with the equivalent of CNN Headline News.

The times, they are a changing. But maybe not for the better.


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Jon Stewart and Jim Cramer? Meet KRS-One and P.M. Dawn

I'm doing a dialogue with some hip hop journalists/bloggers and in search of a newspeg with which to pitch the whole package I stumbled on the notion of Jon Stewart pulling a P.M. Dawn on Jim Cramer as an amusing analogy.

So we know the Stewart vs. Cramer hubbub from last week, but do you know about when hip hop legend/scholar KRS threw P.M. Dawn off the stage. You can get a first-hand perspective/recap via unkut's interview with Kenny Parker.

The interesting comparison comes in because KRS compares to Stewart as a sort-of hip hop media watchdog. Obviously there's a whole bunch of different ethnocultural circumstances, but he was one of the few dudes that would call people out, by name, and try and hold them accountable. And in hip hop at the time if you did your calling out on wax, or during a radio show, that was the equivalent of doing it at 11PM on Comedy Central. More to the point: KRS fancied himself, like Stewart, a truth-teller for his people and times. And he saw his task as doing that in the most compelling, entertaining, but also *truthful* way possible.

In the other corner, P.M. Dawn is emblematic of a Cramer Mad Money mentality. A symbol of American values/dreaming gone wrong. Not inherently evil in and of itself -- after all, we all have to make a living and it's not Cramer or Prince Be's fault people buy into schtick -- but wrong for going overboard into manipulating people, presentation, perception for capital gain.

This doesn't all work dot-for-dot. Prince Be was a hippie artist, and Cramer stands accused of crimes much worse than being a chubby bohemian rapper. But still, I give Cramer the benefit of the doubt to think there's an art to his business; I don't think he was born on the dark side of the force, he was lured there by American greed like any of us in the right circumstances.

AnyCramer, as the story goes KRS was performing at the same club as P.M. Dawn one night and long story short he (or as the recap i linked earlier clarifies, it wasn't him but his crew) threw Prince Be off the stage and took over. For most hip hop "heads" it's a moment you remember as old school real vintage hip hop nostalgia. Hip hop was always about settling beef and calling people out and holding people accountability for being wack, shady, or whatever. And that's exactly what Stewart did to Cramer last week. A contemporary, civilized passive-aggressive/pansy-ass version of throwing a rival off the stage.

Which is to say, aside from how politically (and legally) improper it is, it would seem people really just wanted to see Stewart punch Cramer in the face.

In this post that I got abused over, it was this bullyish alpha-dominant behavior that struck me. Not the moralizing of the exchange (i.e. obviously Stewart's right, Cramer's wrong, that wasn't a question going in or leaving), but that Stewart was playing by hip hop rules while Cramer was playing fold your hands in class and don't look at the guy who's gonna beat you up after class in the eye. It's so aggressive, and primal, and Nietzschean, and awesome, and ultimately, as I see it, so hip hop. Or what hip hop should be. Or what media infused with more hip hop values should be. More public beef please.


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Caring for Veterans Is Matter of American Honor, Obama Says

Caring for veterans is a responsibility and duty for all Americans, and the employees at the Department of Veterans Affairs are those who are charged with repaying "that debt of honor," President Barack Obama said during a ceremony in Washington marking the department’s 20th anniversary today.

The president promised the VA employees that he will make good on his promise to create a 21st-century department.

VA, formerly called the Veterans Administration, became a cabinet-level department in 1989. The employees are charged with providing education, training benefits, health care, home loans and cemeteries for American veterans. "It’s a commitment that lasts from the day our veterans retire that uniform to the day that they are put to rest, and it continues on for their families," the president said.

U.S. servicemembers are the country’s best and brightest, Obama said. "They are our bravest, enlisting in a time of war, enduring tour after tour of duty, serving with honor under the most difficult circumstances and making sacrifices that many of us cannot begin to imagine," he said. The department must take care of these people and of their families, he added.

The VA mission always is vital, Obama said, but it is even more so during long and difficult conflicts like today’s. "Last month, I announced my strategy for ending the war in Iraq, and I made it very clear that this strategy would not end with the military plans and diplomatic agendas, but would endure through my commitment to upholding our sacred trust with every man and woman who has served this country," the president said. "And the same holds true for our troops serving in Afghanistan."

The president has requested an extra $25 billion for the department over the next five years. The agency – under the leadership of retired Army Gen. Eric K. Shinseki, former Army chief of staff – is reviewing its operations.

"With this budget, we don't just fully fund our VA health care program," the president said. "We expand it to serve an additional 500,000 veterans by 2013, to provide better health care in more places and to dramatically improve services related to mental health and injuries like post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury."

Obama said technology also will help to cut red tape and ease the transition from active duty. He promised new help for homeless veterans, "because those heroes have a home."

"It's the country they served -- the United States of America," he said. "And until we reach a day when not a single veteran sleeps on our nation's streets, our work remains unfinished."

He called on VA employees to help to implement the GI Bill for the 21st century. Just as the veterans of World War II formed the backbone of the progress after that war, the veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan too, can be the catalyst for progress. The deadline for putting the rules for the new GI Bill in place is Aug. 1.

"That’s how we'll show our servicemen and women that when you come home to America, America will be here for you," Obama said. "That's how we will ensure that those who have borne the battle, and their families, will have every chance to live out their dreams."

Transforming the agency is a tall order, Obama said, but he added that he has the fullest confidence that the men and women of the department can do it.

The United States will "fulfill our sacred trust and serve our returning heroes as well as they've served us," he said.

Article provided by Jim Garamone, and the U.S. Department of Defense.

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Lindsay Lohan Is Irresponsibly Free (Photos)

Lindsay Lohan’s arrest warrant was nothing more than a major misunderstanding according to the actress’ lawyer Shawn Chapman. The arrest warrant was issued due to failure to attend three sessions of “alcohol education classes” in a 21-day period. But the truth is Lindsay “had been in one programme but left that programme” for another because of a “personality conflict”.

The Mean Girls star is off the hook for now but she will have to show new proof of enrollment in a programme by April 3rd. Lindsay had a rough weekend: first the arrest warrant, then she had a nasty fight with her lover Samantha Ronson, which ended up with a broken window and police. Today Lindsay was spotted outside her house looking like she is recovering from a pretty bad hangover.


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Leftist Victory in El Salvador Closes an Historic Cycle

The apparent victory of leftist candidate Maurico Funes in Sunday's presidential election in El Salvador finally closes out the Cold War in Central America and raises some serious questions about the long term goals of U.S. foreign policy.

With Funes' election, history has come full cycle. Both El Salvador and neighboring Nicaragua will now be governed by two former guerrilla fronts against which the Reagan administration spared no efforts in trying to defeat during the entire course of the 1980's. We will now coexist with those we once branded as the greatest of threats to our national security. Those we branded as "international terrorists" now democratically govern much of Central America.

Funes, once a commentator for CNN's Spanish-language service, comes to power representing the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN), a Marxist guerrilla group-turned-political -party, an organization that the U.S. government once described in terms now reserved for Al Qaeda and Hizbollah.

From the late 1970's until a negotiated peace settlement in 1992, the FMLN fought a bloody civil war against a series of U.S.-backed right-wing regimes. Those Salvadoran regimes engaged in horrific massacres and deployed savage death squads, taking a massive human toll. While the FMLN also perpetrated atrocities, all independent analysts agree that the overwhelming majority of the 75,000 who were killed in the war in El Salvador were victims of government-sponsored violence.

This same FMLN which now comes to power in El Salvador was once declared as the primary perpetrator of "international terrorism" by the Reagan administration who deployed hundreds of U.S. military advisors to the tiny Central American country and who quadrupled the size of the Salvadoran Army. In this all-out quest to crush the FLMN, U.S. authorities, at best, turned a blind eye to the bloody excesses of the Salvadoran regime. At worst, it encouraged them.

At the same time in history, the U.S. spent billions creating a "contra" army to destabilize and dislodge the leftist Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) which had taken power in Nicaragua in 1979, overthrowing the dynastic and dictatorial rule of the Somoza family - another U.S.-backed ally.

During the entire eight years of the Reagan era, defeating both the FMLN and the FSLN were the absolute top priorities of U.S. foreign policy as the administration argued that the Texas border was a short hop from the fields of Central America and that all must be done to stop the northward march of hemispheric revolution. The sort of inflammatory rhetoric used to describe the Central American guerrilla movements was an eerie precedent for the overheated war of words against "The Axis of Evil" that would emerge earlier this decade.

The Nicaraguan Sandinistas were eventually defeated by an American-backed opposition in elections in 1990 and democratically and peacefully transferred power (something the Reaganites claimed could never happen). But the Sandinistas returned to power last year re-electing its historic leader Daniel Ortega as president. Almost twenty years of rule from the pro-U.S. coalitions that had succeeded the Sandinistas had failed to implement any meaningful social change.

The Salvadoran FMLN, meanwhile, which has acted as a parliamentary opposition party since the 1992 Salvadoran peace accords, now comes to power ending twenty years of uninterrupted rule by the country's ultra-conservative ARENA party - a political organization born directly from the death squads of the 1980's and, yes, a close ally of the U.S.

All of this raises the question of why so many lives were spent and so many billions in U.S. dollars were burned in an attempt to expunge these leftist forces twenty years ago? Wouldn't it have been possible in 1989 to find some sort of accommodation with these radical forces and not postpone the inevitable for twenty years?

In the case of Nicaragua, the year-old reborn and duly elected Sandinista administration--while far from a model of democratic ethics-- hardly poses any threat to U.S. interests. Though President Ortega, saddled with governing one of the poorest countries in the hemisphere, still clothes his actions in revolutionary rhetoric, he has headed up what many think is essentially a conservative regime which recently outlawed all abortion (a move that could warm the deceased Ronald Reagan's heart). Ortega campaigned successfully for the presidency last year by quoting from scripture and has not flinched from pacting with the most conservative of political elements.

In the case of El Salvador, President-elect Funes has pledged to maintain close and cordial relations with the U.S. And while the FMLN--like the Sandinistas - clings to some of its Cold War revolutionary rhetoric, no one expects any radical moves by the incoming government. Fighting widespread poverty aggravated by the global slump and a chilling crime wave, the FMLN will have its hands full just keeping the government on keel. President-elect Funes holds distinctly moderate views and in an American context would be little more than a liberal Democrat. In any case, the FMLN can point to its recent governance of several Salvadoran cities (including until recently the capital of San Salvador) as its democratic bona fides.

The resurrection of the FMLN and the FSLN at this time in history raises a troubling irony regarding U.S. foreign policy. Yesterday we were told they were our greatest enemies. Today, now in power, they hardly garner any U.S. press coverage, let alone much attention from Washington. Likewise, the right-wing forces we bankrolled with blood and treasure and who we were told were a bulwark of Western Civilization, utterly failed in solving the basic existential questions that bedeviled their respective countries. Twenty years from now, we have to ask, what will Iraq, Afghanistan and Syria look like? Might we find ourselves peacefully co-existing with the same undefeated forces who today we proclaim our mortal enemies? Might we be better off using our soft power, our economic and diplomatic clout to force negotiation and moderation with those we perceive as irrational and radical enemies? Or do we only reach that conclusion after the dissipation of prolonged, bloody and ultimately unsuccessful armed intervention and war?


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Racist or Not Racist: German Obama Fried Chicken

You would be wrong if you thought the Axis Powers stopped insulting America in 1945. Japan set it off with a blackface Obama magician and Germany takes it to the next level with Obama fried chicken. At this point, I half expect an Italian company to sell Obama grape soda to complete the trifecta. So what do you think LOA? Is German Obama fried chicken racist or not racist? You make the call.


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Cutler wants out of Denver, skips 1st team meeting

ENGLEWOOD, Colo. (AP) -Jay Cutler says he wants to break up. The Denver Broncos say they want to make up.

The Pro Bowl quarterback was a no-show on Monday for coach Josh McDaniels' first team meeting and the start of the Broncos' offseason workouts, and if he gets his way, he'll never step foot in the team's training facility again.

``The Denver Broncos confirm that Jay Cutler has requested a trade,'' team spokesman Jim Saccomano told The Associated Press on Monday.

McDaniels declined interview requests after telling The Denver Post that he wanted to meet again with Cutler to try to resolve their differences before he considers a trade.

McDaniels briefly addressed his broiling quarterback controversy when he gathered his team as a group for the first time Monday morning.

``He just addressed it and said, 'I'll take care of it,''' recounted defensive lineman Kenny Peterson.

Cutler is upset that the Broncos tried to trade him for New England quarterback Matt Cassel last month and what he considers McDaniels' misleading answers to his inquiries about those discussions.

So, he asked for a trade through his agent, Bus Cook, who engineered Brett Favre's departure from Green Bay last summer.

The Broncos declined interview requests Monday for McDaniels, general manager Brian Xanders and owner Pat Bowlen. Cook didn't return calls to The AP.

The sides met face-to-face for the first time Saturday and Cutler came away convinced McDaniels wanted someone else under center while the Broncos were incredulous that the gathering didn't result in a resolution to this nasty spat. They told Cutler they expected him to attend Monday's meeting and workout even though it's voluntary.

Cutler told ESPN he would attend every mandatory minicamp and training camp but would skip the offseason training program, which won't subject him to fines.

He will, however, miss out on a $100,000 bonus if he doesn't attend 90 percent of the workouts. Cutler is entering the fourth season of a six-year, $48 million contract he signed as a rookie.

Even though it's voluntary, the coaches expect everyone to attend the team's offseason program unless they have an excused absence such as newcomer Brian Dawkins, who helped the NFL Players Association elect a new executive director in Hawaii on Sunday.

``Right now we're just running and lifting,'' Peterson said. ``You'd like to see everybody here. ... But we'll be all right. I mean, I got faith in the people upstairs and everything else that we'll be just fine.''

The Broncos' first minicamp is April 17-19, a week before the draft.

The Broncos have said for two weeks that they have no interest in trading their star quarterback, who set several team passing records last season and just played in his first Pro Bowl.

It's looking increasingly likely, however, that trading Cutler might be the only way to resolve the dispute.

``Jay's a great quarterback, as we all know, very good teammate, good friend of mine,'' receiver Eddie Royal said. ``But we've got to do what's best for the team and the organization. We've got a great coaching staff, great guys upstairs and they'll make the right decision.''

Cutler has been unhappy since learning that McDaniels, who was New England's offensive coordinator the last three seasons, entertained the notion of trading him to Tampa Bay in a three-way swap that would have brought Cassel from the Patriots to Denver on Feb. 28. New England instead traded Cassel to Kansas City.

Cutler believes McDaniels misled him about those trade talks; McDaniels has said all he did was listen to the trade proposals, as he would with any player, as he tries to rebuild the once-proud franchise.

The Broncos have been the NFL's most active team in free agency, signing 15 players, including quarterback Chris Simms, who signed for two years and $6 million, ostensibly to serve as Cutler's backup.

Peterson said the players aren't dwelling on the controversy.

``I mean, honestly we've been there all morning, not one person has said anything about it,'' Peterson said. ``... We're worried about what we've got to run tomorrow versus what's going on.''

Although the snit with Cutler and his refusal to show up Monday could serve to undermine the 32-year-old coach's authority, Peterson said McDaniels commanded the room.

``I don't care if he's 20, 40, 50, 60 years old, you're the head coach. You're going to get the respect. No question about it,'' Peterson said.

Newly signed cornerback Andre' Goodman said McDaniels asked the players not to talk about what he said in the meeting regarding Cutler.

Still, there was a major void in the room with Cutler missing, Goodman said.

``I think the quarterback is the face of the team,'' Goodman said. ``You take the coach out of it and he is the face of the team.''

Perhaps subconsciously, Royal slipped into the past tense when speaking about Cutler.

``As you know, he was a great competitor, you always saw in his eye that he wanted to win, came to practice prepared every day,'' Royal said. ``So, you knew what you were getting out of Jay.''

The question now is whether the Broncos will get anything more out of him on the football field or by way of compensation in a trade.


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TWD-French Yogurt Cake with Marmalade Glaze and Green Egg and Ham Cups for St. Patricks Day!

Today's Tuesdays with Dorie recipe, French Yogurt Cake with Marmalade Glaze, was chosen by Liliana over at My Cookbook Addiction. Mine don't look like a yogurt cake with glaze because I chose Dorie's Riviera version which uses greek yogurt or strained plain yogurt, olive oil and then either rosemary or mint. I had fresh rosemary and wanted to try these with the minced rosemary mixed in with the sugar and zest. I decided to make these in a muffin tin so they would bake faster (20 minutes) and for portion control. The overall taste was wonderful. My 2 year old really liked them-she ate more than her fair share, but I guess that is my fault for leaving them right within her reach on the countertop. The combination of the lemon and rosemary in a sweet muffin/cake was very good. Go check out what the rest of the TWD bakers did by checking out the TWD Blogroll!

I also made Green Egg and Ham cups because my kids love green eggs and ham. I only do this on St. Patricks Day because I think it looks sort of digusting, but the kids love it. Usually I just do scrambled eggs and add green food coloring and ham, but this time I decided to bake them in the oven and I added spinach and thyme. The ham sunk to the bottom but that didn't matter, the kids loved them. Happy St. Patricks Day- I hope you are wearing green!

Green Egg and Ham Cups by Mary Ann
10 eggs
6-8 drops of green food coloring
1/2 cup shredded cheese
salt and pepper
1 cup cubed ham
baby spinach leaves
fresh thyme
Preheat oven to 400 degrees F.
Whisk eggs in a large bowl. Drop in food coloring and whisk until combined. Add cheese; season with salt and pepper and add ham. Stir well.
Spray a muffin tin with cooking spray or brush with melted butter. Scoop 1/4-1/3 cup egg mixture into each cavity of the muffin tin. Place a couple of spinach leaves in each cavity and submerge with your finger or a spoon. Sprinkle fresh thyme leaves on top.
Bake for 11-13 minutes. Cups will be puffed and cooked through.

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Discovery heads to International Space Station

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — It was a long time coming, but space shuttle Discovery finally blasted its crew of seven into a cloudless Sunday evening sky _ the first orbiter flight of 2009 to the international space station.Its mission: to provide more electricity to the orbiting lab.

A month behind schedule, the mission has been delayed four times by fragile valves inside the shuttle's propulsion system. Then a hydrogen gas leak scrubbed Discovery's first launch attempt last Wednesday.

But Sunday there were no signs of leaking gas, no hardware issues. Even Florida's fickle weather was perfect. The shuttle thundered into a clear sky, trailing a plume of pale vapor that turned bright pink as it caught the last light of the setting sun.

The launch was made possible by NASA engineers who worked overtime Thursday, Friday and Saturday to fix the leak, giving astronauts a near-full mission.

Delays did shorten the mission by a day to 13 days, and one of four spacewalks was dropped. That's because Discovery needs to leave the space station to make room for a Russian Soyuz spacecraft bringing new residents to the complex.

Discovery's crew, which includes two school teachers, should reach the international space station Tuesday. They are commanded by Air Force Col. Lee Archambault. The crew are pilot Dominic "Tony" Antonelli, a Naval Cmdr., mission specialists, Steve Swanson, a computer engineer, John Phillips, a Navy Reserve Capt., Koichi Wakata, a veteran Japanese astronaut, and Joseph Acaba and Richard Arnold II, both teachers and first-time fliers.

They're accompanying a 45-foot-long, 31,000-pound truss segment, the last U.S.-made piece of major hardware for the space station and the final section of station's "backbone" structure. Connected to the truss is the last set of solar wings to complete the space station's power system.

Once it was clear the unexplained gas leak had been fixed, preparations for the launch were smooth, but colorful, not least because a fruit bat had attached itself on the shuttle's external tank before takeoff.

The bat clung to the backside of Discovery's tank, about a quarter to a third of the way from the bottom. Its presence forced NASA to run an "'engineering analysis" on the bat _ seriously _ just to makes sure that the small winged critter did not represent a threat to shuttle on launch.

NASA officials said they expected it to fly away on its own when the engines began to rumble to life. They even saw it as a good omen: the last time a bat was attached to a shuttle was on STS 72 in 1996 and both the bat and the shuttle flew off safely. Coincidentally that flight was the first for Wakata, who is now headed to station for a stint as Japan's first long duration astronaut.

But in a news conference later, Kennedy Space Center launch director Mike Leinbach suggested the bat did not survive its brush with Discovery. In response to a reporter's question, he said: "We are characterizing (the bat) as unexpected debris and he's probably still debris somewhere."

The mission has been dubbed "Full Power" _ and that's what the astronauts hope to give the space station. Once Discovery reaches the station on Tuesday, the astronauts will start preparations to install the truss and solar panel.

The $300 million truss segment is the 11th piece of the station's backbone, which will measure the length of an American football field when complete. The truss segment is nearly identical to its counterpart on the port side of the station, but includes some modifications to hold spare parts and some sensors to measure wear and tear.

The two solar wings are made up of two sets of "blankets" which each hold 32,800 solar cells. They each span 115 feet in length and 38 feet across are now folded in boxes to a thickness of about 20 inches.

When unfurled in space like giant shower curtains, they will provide more power to help the station support larger crews of six and conduct more science research. The first six-person crews are scheduled to take up residency on the station in October this year.

But the job of unfurling the solar panels is not easy. Previous sets of solar panels have had problems like sections of the solar panels getting snags as they opened out to their full length, or they got stuck together and refused to unfurl.

In the days waiting for Sunday's launch the astronauts who in charge of the installation watched videos of the spacewalkers studied videos of previous efforts to install solar electricity panels on the station.

"It's something we take seriously because these two solar electricity blankets we're going to deploy have been in the box, one for five years, and one for eight years," said astronaut Phillips who will be operating the space station's robotic arm to help spacewalkers Arnold and Swanson install the wings.

To make sure the wings open as planned the wings are stretched out slowly and allowed to warm in glow of the sun to loosen them up.

In addition to getting the wings up and working, the mission's other objectives are to ferry a new part for the processor that turns urine into clean drinking water and to bring home U.S. astronaut Sandra Magnus after four months in space.


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